ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS

Drug Grouping with Trade Names and Route of Administration

GENERIC NAME TRADE NAMES ROUTE
Antituberculous Agents
Capreomycin Capastat i.m.
Cycloserine Seromycin Oral
Ethambutol Myambutol Oral
Ethionamide Tecator-SC Oral
Isoniazid INH, Nydrazid Oral, i.m.
Para-aminosalicylic acid Oral
Pyrazinamide Oral
Rifampin Rifadin, Rimactane Oral, i.v.
Streptomycin i.m.
Antifungal Agents
Amphotericin B Fungizone i.v.
Miconazole Monistat i.v.
Ketoconazole Nizoral Oral
Fluconazole Diflucan Oral, i.v.
Itraconazole Sporanox Oral
Flucytosine Ancobon Oral, i.v.
Antiviral Agents
Acyclovir Zovirax Oral, i.v.
Ganciclovir Cytovene i.v.
Amantadine Symmetrel Oral
Rimantidine Flumadine Oral
Antibacterial Agents
Aminoglycosides
Amikacin Amikin i.m., i.v.
Gentamicin Garamycin i.m., i.v.
Tobramycin Nebcin i.m., i.v.
Netilmicin Netromycin i.m., i.v.
Cephalosporins
1st Generation
Cefadroxil Duricef Oral
Cefazolin Ancef, Kefzol i.m., i.v.
Cephalexin Keflex Oral
2nd Generation
Cefaclor Ceclor Oral
Cefamandole Mandol i.m., i.v.
Cefmetazole Zefasone i.v.
Cefonicid Monocid i.m., i.v.
Cefotetan Cefotan i.m., i.v.
Cefoxitin Mefoxin i.m., i.v.
Cefprozil Cefzil Oral
Loracarbef Lorabid Oral
Cefuroxime Zinacef i.m., i.v.
Ceftin Oral
3rd Generation
Cefepime Axepim i.v.
Cefixime Suprax Oral
Cefoperazone Cefobid i.m., i.v.
Cefotaxime Claforan i.m., i.v.
Cefpodoxime Vantin Oral
Ceftazidime Fortaz, Tazidime, Tazicef i.m., i.v.
Ceftizoxime Cefizox i.v.
Ceftriaxone Rocephin i.m., i.v.
Penicillins
Penicillin G potassium Pfizerpen i.m., i.v.
Penicillin G tablets Oral
Penicillin V Pen-Vee K Oral
Ampicillin Omnipen i.m., i.v., Oral
Ampicillin/Sulbactam Unasyn i.v.
Amoxicillin Amoxil Oral
Amoxicillin/Clavulanate Augmentin Oral
Oxacillin Bactocil Oral
Nafcillin Unipen i.m., i.v., Oral
Cloxacillin Tegopen Oral
Dicloxacillin Pathocil Oral
Ticarcillin Ticar i.m., i.v.
Ticarcillin/Clavulanate Timentin i.v.
Mezlocillin Mezlin i.m., i.v.
Piperacillin Pipracil i.m., i.v.
Piperacillin/Tazobactam Zosyn i.v.
Other Beta-lactams
Aztreonam Azactam i.m., i.v.
Imipenem-cilastatin Primaxin i.v.
Tetracyclines
Tetracycline HCI Achromycin Oral, i.v.
Doxycycline Vibramycin Oral, i.v.
Trimethoprim-Sulfonamides
Sulfisoxazole Gantrisin Oral, i.v.
Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole Septra, Bactrim Oral, i.v.
Trimethoprim Proloprim Oral
Macrolides
Erythromycin many Oral, i.v.
Clarithromycin Biaxin Oral
Azithromycin Zithromax Oral
Quinolones
Norfloxacin Noroxin Oral
Ciprofloxacin Cipro Oral, i.v.
Ofloxacin Floxin Oral, i.v.
Enoxacin Penetrex Oral
Lomefloxacin Maxaquin Oral
Others
Clindamycin Cleocin Oral, i.v.
Chloramphenicol Chloromycetin Oral, i.v.
Vancomycin Vancocin, Vancoled i.v.

ABBREVIATIONS

i.m. = intramuscular
i.v. = intravenous

REFERENCES

1. Murray, P.R.1996. ASM Pocket Guide to Microbiology , ASM Press, Washington, D.C.


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