PHENOTYPIC CLASSIFICATION OF MEDICALLY IMPORTANT BACTERIA

Characteristics Organism
Aerobic, catalase-positive, gram-positive cocci Micrococcus
Planococcus
Staphylococcus
Stomatococcus
Aerobic, catalase-negative, gram-positive cocci Aerococcus
Enterococcus
Gemella
Globicatella
Helcococcus
Lactococcus
Leuconostoc
Pediococcus
Streptococcus
Tetragenococcus
Vagococcus
Anaerobic, gram-positive cocci Peptococcus
Peptostreptococcus
Aerobic, gram-negative cocci Branhamella
Neisseria
Anaerobic, gram-negative cocci Acidaminococcus
Megasphaera
Veillonella
Spore-forming, gram-positive bacilli Bacillus
Clostridium
Catalase-positive, gram-positive (coryneform) bacilli Brevibacterium
Cellulomonas
Corynebacterium
Dermabacter
Kurthia
Listeria
Catalase-negative, gram-positive (coryneform) bacilli Arcanobacterium
Erysipelothrix
Gardnerella
Anaerobic, gram-positive bacilli Actinomyces
Bifidobacterium
Eubacterium
Lactobacillus
Mobiluncus
Propionibacterium
Rothia
Acid-fast and partially acid-fast Actinomycetes (filamentous bacilli) Gordona
Mycobacterium
Nocardia
Rhodococcus
Tsukamurella
Non-acid-fast Actinomycetes (filamentous bacilli) Actinomadura
Dermatophilus
Nocardiopsis
Oerskovia
Saccharomonospora
Saccharopolyspora
Streptomyces
Thermoactinomyces
Glucose-fermenting, gram-negative bacilli Actinobacillus
Capnocytophaga
Cardiobacterium
Chromobacterium
Enterobacteriaceae
Citrobacter
Edwardsiella
Enterobacter
Escherichia
Hafnia
Klebsiella
Morganella
Proteus
Providencia
Salmonella
Serratia
Shigella
Yersinia
many other genera
Haemophilus
Leptotrichia
Pasteurella
Streptobacillus
Suttonella
Vibrionaceae
Aeromonas
Plesiomonas
Vibrio
Glucose-oxidizing, gram-negative bacilli Acidovorax
Acinetobacter
Agrobacterium
Alcaligenes
Brucella
Burkholderia
Chryseomonas
Flavimonas
Flavobacterium
Ochrobactrum
Pseudomonas
Psychrobacter
Roseomonas
Shewanella
Sphingobacterium
Sphingomonas
Stenotrophomonas
Non-glucose-utilizing, gram-negative bacilli Alcaligenes
Bordetella
Brucella
Burkholderia
Campylobacteriaceae
Arcobacter
Campylobacter
Comamonadaceae
Acidovorax
Comamonas
Eikenella
Flavobacterium
Francisella
Helicobacter
Kingella
Legionella
Moraxella
Oligella
Pseudomonas
Roseomonas
Shewanella
Weeksella
Xanthomonas
Anaerobic, gram-negative bacilli Bacteroides
Bilophila
Desulfomonas
Fusobacterium
Leptotrichia
Porphyromonas
Prevotella
Selenomonas
Spiral bacilli Leptospiraceae
Leptonema
Leptospira
Spirochaetaceae
Borrelia
Cristispira
Serpulina
Spirochaeta
Treponema
Cell wall defective bacteria Acholeplasmataceae
Acholeplasma
Mycoplasmataceae
Mycoplasma
Ureaplasma
Strict, intracellular bacteria and related organisms Bartonella
Chlamydiaceae
Chlamydia
Rickettsiales
Coxiella
Ehrlichia
Rickettsia

REFERENCES

1. Murray, P.R. 1996. ASM Pocket Guide To Clinical Microbiology, American Society of Microbiology Press, Washington, D.C.


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